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TRAVEL TO PERU

 

From Machu Picchu to the thermal waters by the Inca Trail

A trip to the magical and ancestral Peru where most ancient cultures and traditions survive the passage of time. Enjoy your holiday to discover the true Andean spirit with natives, ancient customs and rituals. Relax in the hot springs on the route by the Qhapaq Ñan.

 

Lovers of culture and history meet in Peru the opportunity to admire his most famous icon, Machu Picchu, one of the "New seven Wonders of the World" and go back to pre-Inca, Inca and colonial times, through centuries of art accumulated in archaeological sites, villages, towns and museums. Discover thermal Peru on the Inca Trail in Quechua Qhapaq Nan. It is the busiest trekking route in Peru and one of the most spectacular of America

Some ideas on how and where to live this experience of existential and thermal tourism, one hundred percent enriching.

Turismo vivencia. Salineras de Maras. Jorge SarmientoIn the Sacred Valley. There are several communities where visitors are welcomed into local families, enabling you to participate in the daily life of the natives, learning their ancestral culture techniques, making farming and salt harvesting tasks and participating in its Andean rituals and traditional festivals . The village Ollantaytambo offers 7 trekking routes to archaeological sites, quarries, terraces and Willoc, a Quechua textile production center.

Colonies of Pozuzo and Villa Rica. The racial and cultural mix of the province of Oxapampa is unique in Peru; Austro Germanic settlers settled in this tropical area since 1857, defying the harsh conditions of the jungle. Cheerful and hospitable locals Pozuzo, Tyrolean and Prussian descent, invite visitors to join in their coffee and agricultural tasks and visit its herbalists and orchid breeding centers. In Villa Rica, there is also possibility to participate in the processes of artisan cheese making, cigars and sausages. In his lodgings, wooden houses with rich aroma of coffee, you can enjoy tasty local cuisine.

At Lake Titicaca. In its islands, the Aymara receive visitors in their homes and hostels, involving them in their community work and sharing their culinary secrets; as the exquisite "huatia" or baked beans and potatoes with silverside. In Amanantí Island there are two beautiful archaeological sites, where natives perform ancestral rites for fertilization of the earth; Taquile is an organized farmers and weavers village, where there are also interesting and unique ceremonial centers terraces; Llachón is a community of skillful and fine weavers and artisans who share with visitors their daily work. More information: www.peru.info

Perolitos . Monumento al Agua en Baños del IncaHot Springs. Discover the thermal wealth of Peru. In Cumbe Mayo located 20 Km from Camarca, going up the mountainside, to 3,670 meters above sea level, this place is known as the "Stone Forest" or "The Fraylones" because its whimsical shapes of stone. These heights keep a secret about two vital sources, mystical and the origin of life, water.

Here the most significant point of water supply for Cajamarca is, through technical system, considered the most remarkable work of hydraulic engineering of America, the water was brought to the city by controlling the flow rate all the way. Even today you can see the aqueduct carved into solid rock over 3000 years ago. Also here you can visit the ceremonial altar and the sanctuary as a human head, inside which are engravings petroglyphs of Chavin influence.

The importance of water is also reflected in Cajamarca, the Villa Termal of the Incas. A few minutes from the beautiful city of Cajamarca, Historical and Cultural Heritage of the Americas is the town of Baños del Inca, Prime Wellness Tourism North of Peru. Its waters thermo-mineral-medicinal rise to the surface in so-called "Perolitos" recently declared a Monument to Water. The latest excavations expose structures over 2,500 years, where the use of geo-thermal waters is shown, the current facilities of the Hotel Resort and SPA Laguna Seca offer extensive resources of thermo-mineral- medicinal waters with its various recovery properties, relaxation and revitalization. You can stay in one of these two mentioned establishments. You'll enjoy an authentic "relaxing". www.lagunaseca.com.pe

Hotel Spa Laguna SecaCamino del Inca Cajamarca. If you want to know the natural and cultural wealth of the region oriented by APREC, join a day of trekking in the Sangal route. It is an excellent opportunity to photograph beautiful landscapes, plus interact with local people and learn about their customs and traditions. Never miss a city tour through the city of Cajamarca that keeps the heritage of the Incas and the colonial legacy and tradition. Please visit the Fundo Laguna Seca and live the experience of a walk along the Qhapaq Nan "Camino Inca Cajamarca" Laguna de San Nicolás circuit. Includes specialized guide, mobility and box lunch. Bike ride, a horse or a tour to the Windows of Otuzco. In the Villa Termal of the Incas, you will find unique adventures. Information: www.aprec.com.pe

Tejiendo con callua . Foto cedida por Laguna Seca.jpgThe Textiles Routes. Weaving is an integral aspect of Andean culture, and also in Cajamarca. The process at work and art of weaving expresses not only the different uses and social functions, but also largely defines the spiritual world of these cultures, the symbolic structures existing since time immemorial.

Fernando Silva Santisteban, renowned historian, includes the following quote: "At the time of Lordship of Cuismango in Cajamarca, had an idol or Huaca of weavers called Guaillo, a shrine in the province of Cajabamba, where they arrived the Augustinians friars to destroy the shrine. There the Indians worshiped when spun clothing for Inca Huayna Capac and offered the rock guinea pigs and smeared with blood, bones and also offered him whorls, spindles and horns that did the clothes and cumbi (finely woven). Another Huaca named Quispeguayanay was worshiped to obtain good tinted and made great feasts and offerings. "For each task involving tissue Andean classic wooden looms that are waist (callua) and pedal (of European origin) are used.

The skill acquired within the home where children from small see their mothers perform such tasks that are gradually learning is required. She or him, the weaver lead etched into your memory and your fingers measures designs that repeat forever, from generation to generation.

Turismo vivencial. Turista y Yunta de bueyesCajamarca, Farm Porcón. Is a cattle ranch founded in 1535 that today offers visitors the opportunity to learn and share, as one more, communal work of peasants. In its 12,000 hectares a successful plan of agricultural, livestock and forestry develops. You can participate in activities of the cooperative, as milking, observe the work in craft workshops, cheese making, classification of seed potatoes. It also offers optional interesting tourist services, such as forest walks, visits to archaeological sites and tours of the ancient Inca Trail in the Sierra.

The museum Kuntur Wasi.Over a thousand years ago in the village of Conga (San Pablo, Cajamarca) its inhabitants built a first ceremonial center at Cerro La Copa. To do so painstakingly modified the original shape of the mountain, giving platform and open spaces we now call plaza.
Today a clear sky and beautiful scenery where the green looks put together and displayed in its various shades, welcome to all those attracted by the nature and historical legacy of ancient Andean civilization, come to this town located 2.273 meters above sea level, to visit the museum Kuntur Wasi that is a Quechua name meaning "House of the Condor". It opened in 1994, is under the direction of Prof. Yoshio Onuki Japanese archaeologist, who became director of excavations in 1985 with the support of UNESCO.

Museo de Kuntur Wasi  Prof.Yoshio Onuki con la expededición en Kuntur Wasi


If you are passionate about archeology and are in good shape, do not stop climbing the impressive Cerro Kuntur Wasi, you will be enriched by the Andean culture and history and if you can, stay to enjoy the stunning sunsets. Recently four more tombs were discovered, with gold. Increased the number of restored pottery and other objects of stone and bone. This project plans to restore the front facade composed of three tiered retaining walls (100 meters wide and 10 meters high) and a central staircase (11 meters wide). The restoration of the square with four monoliths is designed to give the public the concrete image of U-shaped temple, one of the most remarkable features of this formative ceremonial center (1200-1250 BC.) With an architectural complex and stone sculptures.

Excavations started at small scale, have been expanded. It has 95 workers, 10 archaeologists and students, who have brought to light how the temple and valuable treasures stored for many years; this has led to a gradual change in the village dramatically improving living conditions. The treasure is in the museum Kuntur Wasi care for people in the community, it displays as a symbol of development attained by those who came before them. El Cerro, with the restored temple and museum, has become the sign of identity of the people of San Pablo.

GLOSSARY QUECHUA
Aclla Huasi. House chosen.
Amaru. Snake.
Ayllu. Social division, lineage.
Ayni. Mutuality, mutual services system.
Borla. Insignia of power of the Inca.
Callanca. Room or house of hewn stone.
Calpa. The strength or power of the soul or body, augur.
Colca. Reservoir for storing food or objects.
Co-regent. Heir to the Inca who shared some responsibility with him..
Coya. Reina woman very principal.
Curaca. Principal lord of a town.
Charqui. Meat salted and sun-dried to preserve.
Chasqui. The messenger, voice used in Cusco. Inca mail.
Guaranga. The number thousand in the organizational system, ideal number thousand households.
Hanan. Top half.
Hurin. bottom half.
Huaca or guaca. Idol temple or the same idol
Hatun rune. Big man, when the man is married and assumed the fullness of age
Huauque. Brother of man, also double the Inca
Mamacona. Girl chosen to work in the acllahuasi.
Mascapaycha. Borla, insignia of the Inca.
Minka. Working system compliance obligation or replacement, based on a agreement
Mita. Time shift time basis.
Mitimae or mitmaq. People sent to a stranger place to comply with a state task Mocha. Worship, revere.
Purucaya. Burial ceremony.
Pururauca. Stones became mythical warriors.
Quipu. Strings of different colors and knots that served to count objects and historical facts.
Quipucamayo. The manager of the quipu.
Reciprocidad. Socioeconomic organizational system which regulated the services at various levels and served as a gear in the production and distribution of goods.
Sapa Inca. Large, Inca ruler over the other
Tambo. Inn.
Tiana. Seat, insignia of nobles sidewalk.
Tupu. Measure length and area, also the verb measure.
Ushnu. Small stone structure in the middle of main squares which served as a throne for the Inca during certain ceremonies or rites.
Yana. The server, the servant who served.
Yunga or yunca. The coastal plains and its inhabitants.

Mayte Suárez  y Jorge. Dos amigos, dos culturas

Recommended websites:
www.mincetur.gob.pe
www.promperu.gob.pe

(Photos courtesy of Promperú and FilesTermas World) | Appreciation of MINCETUR (pdf)

MAYTE SUÁREZ SANTOS.
Science writer. Specialist in Medicine and Balneology
President Spanish Association of Friends of the Baths

 
Termatalia 2017

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